Researchers, scholars, and students use citations to

  1. identify and document the ideas of others which they have used to support their work
  2. enable readers to find those works should they wish to read them

American Psychological Association (APA) style is one of the most common and is used primarily in the social sciences.

Here are some examples of APA style for commonly used information sources:

Book: Lee, H. (2015). Go Set A Watchman. New York, NY:Harper.


Rogers, R., & Christian, J. (2007). ‘What could I say?’ A critical discourse analysis of the construction of race in children’s literature. Race, Ethnicity & Education, 10(1), 21-46. doi:10.1080/13613320601100351


Gopnik, A. (2015).Sweet Home Alabama. The New Yorker. Retrieved from 

Note that websites may not always contain all the information suggested for a citation; use as much as you can find.

For additional detail and other types of sources, see the Purdue University Online Writing Lab APA style webpages.

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