As you're researching, get in the habit of writing down as much publication information as you can on each source. Not sure what to include?  Some good choices include:

  • Authors and/or editors
  • Titles
  • Publisher
  • URLs
  • Dates

There are two forms of documentation within The Chicago Manual of Style.  One, used by various disciplines in the humanities (literature, history, art) is the Notes-Bibliography System (NB).  The other is referred to as the Author-Date System (AD); it is often used by social sciences disciplines. 

Some of the library databases, such as EBSCOhost and ProQuest have a citation button, which will automatically create Chicago citations for each source. 

Here are some simple examples of Chicago citations.  If the citation is long enough to go onto a second line, the second line is indented.


Adams, Alice. The Last Lovely City: Stories. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1999.   (both NB and AD)


Garcia, Antero. "Beautiful Dark Twisted Pedagogy: Kanye West And The Lessons Of Participatory  Culture.” Radical Teacher 97, no. 97 (2013): 30-35.    (NB)

Rowles, Genevieve. 1996. "On the trail of Utah's past." National Geographic Traveler 13, no. 3: 24.   (AD)


ONS Digital. "10 pop culture influences on baby names: Game of Thrones, Marvel, Frozen and more." Office for National Statistics. Published August 17, 2015.    (NB)

Because there are so many different types of publications, you will likely need further guidelines on how to cite your book, website, article, film, etc. You can find that information in the Chicago Manual of Style handbook or online:

 Still need help?  Ask us.