Researchers, scholars, and students use citations to

  1. identify and document the ideas of others which they have used to support their work
  2. enable readers to find those works should they wish to read them

APA style is used most often in the social sciences.  Websites are especially tricky because they may not be permanent and may not contain all the information for a complete citation.

APA Style Basic Elements: Author (if available).  (publication date). Document title. Retrieved from http://url

Example:

Looking at this website we can find the author (Adam Gopnik), the date of publication (July 27, 2015), the document title (Sweet Home Alabama), the title of the online publication (The New Yorker), and the URL for the site. Using this information we can create the following citation for the website: 

Gopnik, A. (2015). Sweet Home Alabama. The New Yorker. Retrieved from http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/07/27/sweet-home-alabama 

See the Purdue University Online Writing Lab APA Style Guide for more details.


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