One of the best ways to narrow down a broad topic is to start researching and see what interesting research exists related to your topic.  Often as you read, an interesting angle will pop out at you.  Scan a few pages of results after you run a search.  Try to keep a list of the major conversations surrounding your topic.  This will help you know which conversation you want to enter and what narrower subtopics exist.

For example, if you run a search in the library database, Academic Search Premier for women in the military, scanning the first page of results reveals narrower conversations relating to subtopics, such as the history of women in war, injuries experienced by women in war, eating disorders among women in the military, and women in the military who experience sexual trauma.

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Databases also provide facets for further limiting, or narrowing, your search.  They allow you to refine your search without starting all over.

For example, if you run a broad search for the term "Pizza", you get over 6,000 results!  Using facets can help narrow those results to something workable.

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There are many facets available, but the most commonly used are publication type, publication date, subject, and language of publication

From your results page in the database, look for a list of available facets. They often appear at the left side of the screen and are usually labeled Refine Results.

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There are often additional subheadings.

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Select the facets you wish to use and your results page updates automatically.

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