What is Quoting?
Quoting is using two or more words that a person wrote or said. Put quotation marks around the part you are borrowing and include the citation. Always give credit to the source you are quoting.   

How do I decide what to quote?
If you find a source that you really want to use, decide what part best fits your paper. You don’t need to quote the entire paragraph or even the sentence, but make sure that you quote accurately and keep the correct meaning.

For instance, let’s say you are writing a paper on the history of a PB&J sandwich and find this great source.

You may not want to include the history of peanut butter OR jelly, so you decide to use the last paragraph because it talks about the sandwich as a whole.   

The last paragraph might be too long for your paper, so you could focus on one sentence or part of a sentence, such as:
“Peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwiches were on the United States Army ration menus in World War II, says the Peanut Advisory Board in Atlanta.”

Or it could even look like:
“Peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwiches were on the United States Army ration menus in World War II…”


What is Paraphrasing?
Paraphrasing is restating material from another source, using your own words and sentence structure.

When do I Paraphrase?
It’s best to paraphrase something when the exact language isn’t necessary, but you want to call attention to the idea. Paraphrases need to be cited because the idea still belongs to someone else—even if you did put it in your own words.

If using a quote on PB&J sandwiches doesn’t quite fit your paper or you are having trouble getting the quote to fit, try to paraphrase.
It would look like this:

During World War II, peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwiches were included on the list of food rations for the United States Army.


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